health and wellness

As we all know the beauty and personal care products are manufactured with a combination of various chemicals. Also, Some of these chemicals have a good impact on our bodies. But some of these chemicals have very harmful effects on our bodies in the longer run.

Additionally, Regular use of these chemicals in cosmetics may even give you cancer or tumor. Not all of us are chemists or doctors, and also these beauty products companies show their products in such a flashy way and target our pain points which result from us in buying their products without even knowing the ingredient present in the products. 

We can compare it as, when doctors refer any prescription to us, we do not question as we trust that the medicine will be for our well beings. Similarly, for these beauty products, we consume, hoping we will achieve what we are using it for. But the truth is far darker than it looks. , There are many chemicals and top ingredients and contaminants which we must avoid. Based on the science linking each to adverse health impacts, and the types of products they are found in.

This blog will help you to identify some of these chemicals which can affect cancer and reproductive problems and must have to avoid in the long-term. In addition, To learn more about how these chemicals impact your health and where they come from, check out our other parts of these blogs.

Use this guide to avoid chemicals that are present in each product category: shampoo, conditioner, creams, sunscreen, color cosmetics, hair color, and skin lighteners.

DIOXANE- 1,4

1,4-dioxane is generated through a process called ethoxylation, in which ethylene oxide, a known breast carcinogen, is added to other chemicals to make them less harsh. Like, Sodium laurel sulfate, a chemical that is harsh on the skin, is often converted to the less-harsh chemical sodium Laureth sulfate (the “eth” denotes ethoxylation).

Moreover, The conversion process leads to contamination of this ingredient with 1,4-dioxane. Likewise, Most commonly, 1,4-dioxane is found in products that create suds, like shampoo, liquid soap, and bubble bath. Environmental Working Group’s analysis suggests that 97 percent of hair relaxers, 57 percent of baby soaps, and 22 percent of all products in Skin Deep may be contaminated with 1,4-dioxane.

Present in: 

Products such as shampoo, liquid soap, bubble bath, hair relaxers, others

Checking on Label for:

 Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLS), PEG compounds, chemicals that include the clauses Xynol, Ceteareth, and Olathe.

Effect on Health: 

It is included on California’s Proposition 65 list of chemicals known or suspected to cause cancer or birth defects as 1,4-dioxane readily penetrates the skin  

Most Effect on:

 Pregnant women, infants, teenagers

Regulations: 

Banned/found unsafe for use in cosmetics in Canada

ACRYLATES

Acrylates are derived from acrylic acid and are commonly found in cosmetics-related to nail preparations. As well as, Ethyl acrylate acts as an adhesive to apply artificial nails and eyelashes. Additionally, Ethyl methacrylate and methyl methacrylate allow sculptured artificial nails to mold and adhere to the natural nail plate. 

Present in:

 Artificial Nail Products (Acrylic Nails, Nail Enhancing Polishes) 

Checking on Label for: 

Ethyl acrylate: Acrylic acid ethyl ester, ethyl propanoate, EA; ethyl methacrylate: ethyl methacrylate, ethyl ester, methacrylic acid, ethyl ester,  ethyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate, EMA; methyl methacrylate: Methacrylate monomer, Methyl ester of methacrylic acid, methyl-2-methyl-2-propenoate, MMA

Effect on Health: 

Health concerns also include cancer, developmental and reproductive toxicity, organ system toxicity, cellular and neurological damage, and irritation.

Most Effect on: 

All people who are acrylic nail consumers, nail technicians; dental technicians, workers manufacturing acrylate-containing products.

Regulations: 

Although the Food and Drug Administration banned 100 percent liquid methyl methacrylate in 1974. But no specific regulations prohibit its use at concentrations lower than 100 percent in cosmetic products In the United States, at least 32 states ban the professional use of methyl methacrylate in nail salons. 

BENZOPHENONE & RELATED COMPOUNDS 

Oxybenzone or benzophenone-3 or BP-3 is an organic compound It is an easily soluble light yellow solid in most organic solvents. Oxybenzone belongs to the class of aromatic ketones known as benzophenones. It is a naturally occurring chemical found in various flowering plants as well as being an organic component of many sunscreen lotions. It is also in widespread use in things like plastics, toys, furniture finishes, and more to limit UV degradation.

health care

Present in: 

Lip balm, nail polish, foundations, baby sunscreens, fragrance, shampoo, conditioner, hair spray, moisturizers, and foundation. It can contaminate drinking water and migrate from food packaging into food.

Checking on Label:

 Benzophenone, ingredients containing the word benzophenone (for example benzophenone 2), BP# (for example BP2), oxybenzone, sulisobenzone, sulisobenzone sodium.

Effect on Health: 

Cancer, endocrine disruption, developmental and reproductive toxicity, organ system toxicity, irritation, ecotoxicity.

Most Effect on: 

Women and infants

Regulations: 

Benzophenone, benzophenone-2, benzophenone-3, benzophenone-4, and benzophenone-5 restricted in cosmetics in the United States and oxybenzone is restricted in cosmetics at up to 10% maximum concentration in the EU.

Butylated Compounds 

Butylated hydroxy anisole (BHA) is an antioxidant consisting of a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds, 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. It is prepared from 4-methoxyphenol and isobutylene. It is a waxy solid used as a food additive with the E number E320. The primary use for BHA is as an antioxidant and preservative in food, food packaging, animal feed, cosmetics, rubber, and petroleum products.

Present in: 

Lip products, hair products, makeup, sunscreen, antiperspirant/deodorant, fragrance, creams.

Checking on Label: 

BHA, BHT

Effect on Health:

 Endocrine disruption, organ-system toxicity, developmental and reproductive toxicity, cancer, irritation.

Most Effect on:

 Pregnant women, infant

Carbon Black 

It is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC tar, coal tar, or ethylene cracking tar. Also, Carbon black is a form of Para crystalline carbon that has a high surface-area-to-volume ratio. It is dissimilar to soot in its much higher surface-area-to-volume ratio and significantly lower (negligible and non-bioavailable) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content.

Present in:

 Eyeliner, mascara, nail polish, eye shadow, brush-on-brow, lipstick, blushers, rouge, makeup, and also foundation

Checking on Label: 

Carbon black, D & C Black No. 2, acetylene black, channel black, furnace black, lamp black, and thermal black

Effect on Health: 

Cancer (possible), Organ System Toxicity like increased risk of lung disease, cardiovascular disease, respiratory system and eyes

Most Effect on: All people are vulnerable, but especially industrial workers and women.

Carcinogens 

A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer. This is also due to the ability to damage the genome or to the disruption of cellular metabolic processes. Several radioactive substances are considered carcinogens.

wellness

Common examples of non-radioactive carcinogens are inhaled asbestos, certain dioxins, and tobacco smoke. Although the public generally associates carcinogenicity with synthetic chemicals, it is equally likely to arise in both natural and synthetic substances. Carcinogens are not necessarily immediately toxic; thus, their effect can be insidious.

Present in: 

A wide variety of products, depending upon the ingredient

Checking on Label:

 Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (quaternium-15, diazolidinyl urea, imidazolidinyl urea, DMDM hydantoin, and 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3 diol), phenacetin, coal tar, benzene, untreated or mildly treated mineral oils, ethylene oxide, chromium, cadmium, and its compounds, arsenic and crystalline silica (or quartz).

Effect on Health:

 Cancer, endocrine disruption, developmental and reproductive toxicity, bioaccumulation, ecotoxicity.

Most Effect on: 

All people using any products which have ingredient present of label above.

Coal Tar 

Coal tar is a carcinogen, brown-black material and thick liquid generated during the incomplete combustion of coal. It has a complex mixture of hundreds of compounds, many of which are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

Present in: 

Shampoos and scalp treatments, soaps, hair dyes, and lotions

Checking on Label: 

Coal tar solution, tar, coal, carbo-cort, coal tar solution, coal tar solution USP, crude coal tar, estar, impervotar, KC 261, lavatar, picis carbonise, naphtha, high solvent naphtha, naphtha distillate, benzene B70, petroleum benzene

Effect on Health: 

exposure to coal tar produce skin tumor’s and neurological damage, Lung, Bladder or Kidney Cancer, organ system toxicity effects include emotional and sleep disturbances, as well as the loss of coordination

Most Effect on: 

All people consuming such products.

Regulations:

Hair dye and certain skin products must display a warning label if they contain coal tar and must indicate specific precautions for that product

Ethanolamine Compounds (MEA, DEA, TEA and Others) 

Ethanolamine is an organic chemical compound. The molecule is bifunctional, containing both a primary amine and a primary alcohol. Ethanolamine is a colorless, viscous liquid with a smell like ammonia.

Its derivatives are widespread in nature; e.g., lipids, as a precursor of a variety of N-acylethanolamines (NAEs), that modulate several animal and plant physiological processes like seed germination, plant–pathogen interactions, chloroplast development, and flowering as well as precursor, combined with arachidonic acid (C20H32O2; 20:4, ω-6), to form the endocannabinoid Anandamide.

health

Present in: 

Soaps, shampoos, hair conditioners and dyes, lotions, shaving creams, paraffin and waxes, household cleaning products, pharmaceutical ointments, eyeliners, mascara, eye shadows, blush, make-up bases, foundations, fragrances, sunscreens

Checking on Label:  

Triethanolamine, diethanolamine, DEA, TEA, cocamide DEA, cocamide MEA, DEA-cetyl phosphate, DEA oleth-3 phosphate, lauramide DEA, linoleamide MEA, myristamide DEA, oleamide DEA, and stearamide MEA, TEA-lauryl sulfate.

Effect on Health: 

May cause Liver cancer and also kidney tumors, environmental concerns (bioaccumulation), organ system toxicity affects human male reproductive health alters sperm structure, causing abnormalities that affect the sperm’s ability to swim and fertilize the egg.

Most Effect on: 

All people consuming such products

Regulations: 

The European Commission prohibits DEA in cosmetics due to concerns about formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines

Ethoxylated 

Ethoxylation is the process of reacting ethylene oxide with other chemicals to make them less harsh. Ethoxylation can create small amounts of 1,4-dioxane and leave residual ethylene oxide in the product.

Present in: 

Shampoo, liquid soap, bubble bath, hair relaxers.

Checking on Label:

 PPG, PEG, polysorbate and ingredients that end in –eth such as laureth, steareth, ceteareth.

Effect on Health:

Breast cancer, Reproductive toxicity, and also other effect like short-term exposure to 1,4-dioxane may result in nausea, drowsiness, headache, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. Long-term exposure may result in dermatitis, eczema, drying, and cracking of skin and liver and kidney damage.

Most Effect on: 

All people consuming such products, especially pregnant women, infants, teenagers.

Regulations: 

1,4-dioxane and ethylene oxide are prohibited for use in cosmetics products in Canada. The European Union has also prohibited use of ethylene oxide in cosmetic products.

Fragrance

It is a combination of chemicals that gives each perfume or cologne its distinct scent. Additionally, The Fragrance ingredients may be derived from petroleum or natural raw materials. Companies that manufacture perfume or cologne purchase fragrance mixtures from fragrance houses i.e. companies that specialize in developing fragrances to develop their own proprietary blends. 

Present in: 

Personal care products including sunscreen, shampoo, soap, body wash, deodorant, body lotion, makeup, facial cream, skin toner, serums, exfoliating scrubs, and perfume.

Checking on Label: 

Fragrance, perfume, parfum, essential oil blend, aroma.

Effect on Health: 

Acetaldehyde adversely affects kidneys and the reproductive, nervous, and respiratory systems. Benzophenone is linked to endocrine disruption and organ system toxicity that may lead to several kinds of tumors. Moreover, Chloromethane adversely impacts the liver, kidneys, and skin. Additionally, Dichloromethane can lead to mammary gland tumors. DEP may lead to irritant of eyes, skin and the respiratory

Most effect on: 

All people consuming such products, especially pregnant women, infants, teenagers.

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