Lifestyle is the way in which a person lives. Wellness is the state of being in good health, especially as an actively pursued goal.
In General, Lifestyle is a personal interest, opinion, behaviors, and orientation of an individual, group, or culture. The word “Lifestyle” firstly coined by Austrian psychologist Alfred Alder. Meaning that “a person’s basic character as established early in childhood”. In general, lifestyle is a combination of tangible and intangible factors.
Tangible factors relate to demographic variables. Whereas, intangible factors relate to the psychological aspects of an individual such as personal values, preferences, and outlooks.
A person’s lifestyle also reflects an individual’s attitude, way of life, values, or view towards the world. Lifestyle gives a sense of self and creates cultural symbols that resonate with personal identity. Social surroundings and technical systems also constrain the lifestyle choice available for a person.
A Healthy Lifestyle is one which helps us to improve and keep our health and well beings. Moreover, many governments and non-governmental organizations work in promoting healthy lifestyles. In addition, A healthy lifestyle includes measuring critical health numbers, including weight, blood sugar, blood pressure, and blood cholesterol.
Also, Living a healthy life is a lifelong effect. Being healthy also includes healthy eating, physical activities, weight management, and stress management. In short, Maintaining good health allows people to do many things.
Well-being or wellness is the condition or health of an individual or group. If a person’s well being is high, that means the condition is more positive to him/her. As stated by Naci and Ioannidis, “Wellness refers to diverse and interconnected dimensions of physical, mental, and social well-being that extend beyond the traditional definition of health. It includes choices and activities aimed at achieving physical vitality, mental alacrity, social satisfaction, a sense of accomplishment, and personal fulfillment”.
Models and components of well being
Various Model has been developed to maintain or to get the higher well being condition. Some of these model are-
Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being
Carol Ryff’s multidimensional model of psychological well-being postulated six factors which are key for well-being:
- Personal growth
- Purpose in life
- Environmental mastery
- Positive relations with others
Diener: tripartite model of subjective well-being
Diener’s tripartite model of subjective well-being is one of the most comprehensive models based on well-being in psychology. Diener in 1984, states “three distinct but often related components of wellbeing: frequent positive affect, infrequent negative affect, and cognitive evaluations such as life satisfaction”.
Cognitive, affective, and contextual factors contribute to the subjective well-being of an individual or group. Diener and Suh state, subjective well-being is “based on the idea that how each person thinks and feels about his or her life is important.”
Researching on the positive psychology of well-being, eudaimonia and happiness, of an individual or group and the theories of Diener, Ryff, Keyes, and Seligmann covers a wide range of high levels and topics, including “the biological, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global dimensions of life”.
A Report series given by The World Happiness provides annual updates on the global status of subjective well-being or wellness. Alarmingly a global study using data from 166 nations, provided a country ranking of psycho-social well-being.
The final study showed that subjective well-being and psycho-social well-being (i.e.Eudaimonia) measures capture distinct constructs and are both needed for a comprehensive understanding of mental well-being